Extreme weather events are growing in size, power and frequency, meaning our economies are increasingly disrupted. We show how this results in climateflation, which poses a dilemma to the ECB’s policymaking. In a world plagued by supply shocks induced by climate change, conventional monetary policy faces complicated trade-offs in terms of economic activity and prices, while at the same time proving incapable of tackling the source of inflation.
Extensive research shows that the past decade of low-rates monetary policy has significantly contributed to rising house prices, thus fuelling a self-propagating mechanism of wealth inequality and decreasing housing affordability. However, raising rates can also harm economic welfare. How can policymakers make a fairer housing market?